Saqqara Egypt is the Site of the oldest necropolis of the city of Memphis, located on the western bank of the Nile 40 kilometers south of Cairo, Saqqara’s name derived from the name of the burial god Sokar. It stretches some 6.2 kilometers over the Western Plateau as part of a series of necropolises along the river from Abu Rowash in the north to Dahshur in the south, all belonging to the ancient Memphis capital. Their significance lies in their continued use from the first dynasty to the Christian in Egypt
Saqqara is one of the richest archaeological sites in Egypt. Its monuments span 3,000 years, from the earliest ancient Egyptian funerary structures to Coptic monasteries.