Al-Azhar was established in 970 AD to be the hub of the newly created Fatimid city. Al-Azhar is considered one of the former Cairo mosques, and its sheikh is the highest theological authority of Egyptian Muslims. The building is a harmonious blend of architectural styles, as a result of numerous expansions over more than 1,000 years.
The central courtyard is the oldest part, while from south to north, the three minarets date from the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The Sultan, who has a mosque and his mausoleum located nearby, added the latter to its double ends.