Beni Suef Governorate is one of the governorates of the northern Upper Egypt region, and one of the governorates north of central Egypt geographically, located south of Greater Cairo in the Nile Valley. Its capital is the city of Beni Suef, and the governorate was named after its capital by a decision of Muhammad Ali Pasha in 1821 AD. It has archaeological and agricultural importance.
Beni Suef is an important agricultural center that has grown from a small village since the turn of the century and now has a population of more than 150,000 people. It is famous for the manufacture of linen in the Middle Ages, and it continues to participate extensively in cotton spinning and carpet making.