Abu Simbel is an archaeological site located on the west bank of Lake Nasser, about 290 km southwest of Aswan. It is one of the "Nubian Archeology" sites, which is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Which starts from the direction of river flow from Abu Simbel to Philae (near Aswan).
The double temples were originally carved from the mountains during the reign of King Ramses II in the thirteenth century BC, as a permanent monument to him and Queen Nefertari, to celebrate the anniversary of his victory in the Battle of Kadesh. However, in 1960 the facility complex was completely moved to another place, on an artificial hill made of the dome structure, and above the reservoir of the High Dam in Aswan.
It was necessary to move the temples to avoid being sank during the construction of Lake Nasser, and the huge artificial water reservoir formed after the construction of the High Dam in Aswan on the Nile River. Abu Simbel is still one of the best areas to attract tourism in Egypt.